a framework of understanding through which we can predict and evaluate development. Based upon his observations, he concluded that children were no-less intelligent than adults, they simply think differently. In addition, he suggested that perceptual-motor learning is more important for development rather than language. While some theories can be directly applied to a person, so can another. By the age of two we have developed the concept of object permanence, where we are able to recognise the fact that objects that might not necessarily be visible still exist. Piaget labels our initial developmental stage as Sensori-motor, which takes place from birth up until we reach the age of two. A special strength of the psychoanalytic perspective is its emphasis on the individuals unique life history as worth of study and understanding. The Phallic stage of Freuds theory involves a key change in male/female developmental progress, from the anus towards the genitals.
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In order to keep the belief that all children, people, have a chance of becoming what they want, to keep choice free in life, we cannot apply one total philosophy to all, we cannot expect that we all grow the same way. Equilibration helps explain how children are able to move from one stage of thought into the next. The first three stages occur during early childhood and the early school age years. Freuds Anal Stage is a progression from our initial limited abilities to gain satisfaction through an oral source. The books gave Burners view of children as active problem-solvers who are ready to explore difficult subjects. A theory of this nature is fairly self-explanatory in relation to its title ; development progresses through defined stages that possess their own characteristics and behaviours. If a childs behaviour in this area is punished, ridiculed, suffers from a lack of encouragement or even an over-emphasis in terms of a carers intensity regarding toilet-training, Freud believed that future personality deficiency would be a consequence. These extend beyond immediate reinforcements, punishments, and modelled behaviours to childrens rich physical and social worlds. It is true that psychoanalytic thinking has held a fascination for social workers for well over half a century. Jean Piaget believed in four stages of development that were fairly concrete in description (Atherton, 2010).
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