proven throughout The Inferno. FOR only.38.9/page, hire Writer, the fourth layer is for the astrologists and diviners, who are forced to walk with their heads on backward. A deep valley leads into the First Ring of the Seventh Circle of Hell, where there are three inner rings. The Harpies, a mythological creature, constantly rips and tears at the human-trees. In the sixth layer, the hypocrites must walk in circles for eternity while wearing robes of lead. Each critic finds that Dante's view of symbolic penalty is a reputable outlook on punishment. In the fourth canto, Dante explains that Limbo is for those who have not been baptized, thus addressing one of the great moral problems of Christianity. In the center of this circle is the three-headed Lucifer. When they do this, they cause the trees to bleed, which in turn allows them to speak. This violence occurs in many ways, sometimes mentally, sometimes physically and many times both combined.
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In the Second Circle, the souls of the lustful are blown about by never-ending winds. Virgil and Dante next proceed to f the city of Dis. Basically stating each punishment could be taken many ways. The Second Circle is guarded by Minos and is the first of four rings in which souls are punished. Virgil and Dante enter through the gates of Hell and see a crowd of people along the banks of the river. This essay will be discussing three critics' idea of this symbolic retribution with supportive evidence sustaining their opinions. Along these same lines, the use of the Trinity is also used in the last canto, when we are introduced to the three-headed Lucifer. Another sin that Dante believes is not worth it in the end is hypocrisy, which is shown in Canto 23, Circle Eight: Bolgia six. The first is for the panderers and seducers, who receive lashings from whips. A messenger arrives from Heaven to force the gates open for Dante and Virgil. These sinners suffer both physical and mental pain, being forced to wear heavy lead robes all day every day. These souls are also denied a voice, except through their own blood.