seven years of his life there. The fact that Locke spent four years in exile in France (1675-1679) as well as seven years in the Netherlands (1683-1690) contributes to the assumption that Locke might have been involved in revolutionary actions against the English throne and that he therefore also gave way. In the state of nature every individual is seen as equal to every other individual. 50 13 (Thomas, 1995). In 1664 Locke held an address to the college which shows that his political view until this point of time was very traditional and authoritarian, as he agreed on the statement that Kings were the good and the people the beasts. Locke discusses his idea of the state of nature in the. Important stages of Lockes life and the historical context. Locke regards the state of nature as a state of total freedom and equality, bound by the law of nature. 22 21 (Locke., 1980 (1690).
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Taylor advanced the bold thesis that Hobbes s ethical theory.
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Due to his fathers association with Popham (since 1645 Member of Parliament for Bath, and had sufficient influence to recommend boys for places at Westminster School Locke entered Westminster School in 1647. After the execution of Charles I and the temporary abolishment of monarchy by the government with Cromwell as the lord protector of England, the political situation in the Kingdom had become very instable due to a struggle between the military and the parliament. Contents, introduction, important stages of Lockes life and the historical context. The normative aspect goes hand in hand with universality. The turning point in Lockes life or rather in his mindset occurred in 1666 when he met Anthony Ashley Cooper, later Earl of Shaftesbury, and became his advisor, secretary and surgeon.4 He lived in Coopers house from 1667. This paper discusses the basis of the theories of Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau the state of nature, which is used by all three of them as a methodical entity to create their social contract theories2. His family was wealthy. Locke knows that political authority as it exists entails a moral inequality that is due to the authority which is exercised by the governing political institution. This, however, still doesnt practically limit the executive power of the individual about other individuals.