into contradiction with the capitalist social relations in which production is organized. Specifically, Gramsci called for Marxists to spread their ideology in a gradual, incremental, stealth manner, by infiltrating all existing societal institutions and embedding it, largely without being noticed, in the popular mind. "Marxism" is essentially Marx's analysis of the complex and developing relations between these two classes. Postmodern ideologies have for decades challenged the traditional family structure, faith, and culture of Western society. And a culture that follows traditional values is no longer preferable to one that condones the biography drug dealing, excessive materialism, and rap music. Merry Christmas now offends people. Monthly Review (New York, April, 1981).
The Vulgar and the Polite: Dialogue in Hamlet.
Hamlet Studies 15 (1993 9-23.
Hamlet, studies 15 (1993 9-23. True to the carnival tendencies, the play ends with "violent social protest" and "a change in the political order" (364). Rather, Gramsci held that if a population at large could, for a period of time, be properly indoctrinated with a new ideologyspecifically, a set of values, beliefs, and worldviews consistent with Marxist principles a Marxist system could be sustained indefinitely and without coercion or force. The next great power struggle will be between Populists and Socialists. 4 theory OF value, what is the effect of the worker's alienated labor on its products, both on what they can do and what can be done with them? The world that the worker has made and lost in alienated labor reappears as someone else's private property which he only has access to by selling his labor power and engaging in more alienated labor. Gramsci accepted Marxs assertion that perpetual struggle between the ruling class and the subordinate working class was the driving mechanism that ultimately made social progress possible. Whereas Hegel examined ideas apart from the people who held them, Marx's materialism puts ideas back into the heads of living people and treats both as parts of a world that is forever being remade through human activities, particularly in production. Through democratic planning, production would now be directed to serving social needs instead of maximizing private profit. The capitalists' control over this surplus is the basis of their power over the workers and the rest of society.