maxim 'It is permissible to break. Whereas Kant presented an idealized version of what ought to be done in a perfect world, Schopenhauer argued that ethics should instead be practical and arrive at conclusions that could work in the real world, capable of being presented as a solution to the world's. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976. The former are classified as perfect duties, the latter as imperfect. 57 Friedrich Nietzsche edit Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche criticised all contemporary moral systems, with a special focus on Christian and Kantian ethics.
Morality vs Ethics: the problem with
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This final stage of Spirit is mature "old age." In sum, for Hegel the modern nation-state can be said to manifest a "personality" and a self-consciousness of its inherent nature and goals, indeed a self-awareness of everything which is implicit in its concept, and. ; Zuckert, Michael. The concrete identity of the good with the subjective will occurs only in moving to the level of ethical life ( Sittlichkeit which Hegel says is "the Idea of freedomthe concept of freedom developed into the existing world and the nature of self-consciousness" ( 142). Knox, with an introduction. In fulfilling one's duties one is also satisfying particular interests, and the conviction that this is so Hegel calls "political sentiment" ( politische Gesinnung ) or patriotism. Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press. 55 Arthur Schopenhauer edit German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer criticised Kant's belief that ethics should concern what ought to be done, insisting that the scope of ethics should be to attempt to explain and interpret what actually happens.
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Beyond Liberalism and Communitarianism: Studies in Hegel's Philosophy of Right.
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