Certain other issues of extreme importance in Pakistan also have an impact on the environment. More than one-third of the country has been classified as under risk of desertification (45 million hectares). Since this is for the short term, the villagers have no incentive to invest in soil conservation, afforestation and other such practices. The project has managed to release 430,000 hatchlings into the sea and tagged 2,000 mother turtles. Wind and water erosion, waterlogging and salinity, deforestation and desertification all accelerate the degradation process. Today OPP and its team are working with 35 such areas and have also been requested by the government to assist the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board in upgrading its sewerage system. In the 1995 survey by unicef (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey argumentative essay about united nations it was revealed that 17 of the rural households have piped water and 52 had family handpumps (Social Development in Pakistan, 1999). The impacts of degradation and biodiversity loss on productivity and public health are in the tune of 3 of GDP per year.
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Investment in forest conservation was inconsequential as compared to their harvest. In the HDI it is reported that approximately 65 of Pakistan's population has access to essential medicine. Pollution in Pakistan is persistently increasing and on the other hand, healthy enviornmental policies are not on the priority list, resulting the spread of the diseases, for instance, asthema and lungs cancer etc. Awareness campaigns among people should be executed to educate them about their health and climate. Forests are also of great agricultural importance and their continuous destruction is causing a substantial loss. They aim to maximise the productive capacity of the land through interventions in the field of natural resource management and also enable communities to practice subsistence farming. Indus (70 of total land area Kharan closed basin (15 of the total land area) and the Makran coastal basin (15 of the total land area) are the three basins, with the Indus basin representing the largest potential. Advertisement, air pollution, is another tragedy with Pakistani citizens. Air pollution is caused by climactic thesis harmful gases such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide and very small particles of carbon. National Conservation Strategy In the 1980s World Wildlife Fund (WWF United Nations Environmental Programme (unep) and iucn-World Conservation Union collaborated to formulated the World Conservation Strategy to 'save the world'. The total loss due to environmental degradation is estimated to.4 per annum of GDP (UN 1997). It stretches from sandspit in the west to Chinna Creek in the east.
Pakistan is one of the developing countries which are sustaining the pollution pro blem. Traffic congestion is one of the main causes of air pollution.