who use various forest products for their factories, such as wood for making paper and furniture, and tendu leaves for making bidis, etc. When we consider the management (or conservation) of forests, we find that there are four stakeholders. People who live in villages around the forests take firewood (fuel) from the forest trees. The Chipko Andolan: Another example of the contribution of common people towards the conservation of forests is the Chipko Andolan (Hug the Trees Movement). This is going to affect air quality and ultimately, choke all urban people. Conservation work first began in the Chipko villages not for protecting trees but walls were built around agricultural fields to protect from wild animals.
No new contracts should be entered by forest departments with the industrialists to supply raw materials and old contracts should be revised, especially those made for long-term supply of raw materials at cheap rates. Bahuguna to get experience of this movement. This destroys a large amount of biodiversity in the area which harms the environment. Every water source should be trapped to generate hydroelectric power. In order to plant trees for timber such as pine, teak, and eucalyptus, etc., huge areas of forests are cleared of all vegetation. The women of Advani village of Tehri-Garhwal tied the sacred thread around trunks of trees and they hugged the trees, hence it was called Chipko Movement When anybody tried to cut trees villagers faced police firing and later courted arrest in February 1978. Kerala Sasta Sahitya Parishad is another important organization which made efforts against water pollution of the Chaliyar River in Kerala by a Rayon mill. It angered them when the same government sanctioned the cutting of trees on a much larger area. The management of protected forest areas by keeping the local people out completely has some ill effects too. In this non-violent movement, the activists would hug the trees and refuse to budge until the loggers backed off. There should be strong peoples participation in protection of environment alone cannot achieve success. This Chipko Movement under the leadership of Sri Sundarlal Bahuguna spread in other villages of Tehri-Garhwal.
Advertisements: The Chipko movement was started. In 1974, the government had announced to auction off around 2000 trees located near the village Reni in Uttarakhand. The head of the village Mahila Mangal Dal announces once a month a particular day on which one member from each family can take away as much grass as she can. Mr Bahuguna emphasized the importance of trees in environment which check the erosion of soil, cause rains and provide pure air.