the necessities of life. Regional public hospitals provide service to everyone. On the other hand, other people think that getting experience and developing soft skills is more important. The most populous area is Metropolitan Manila, where eight million to ten million people live. Since few people outside Manila have a family car, owning a vehicle is a clear statement of a high social level. The architecture of the islands shows Spanish influence.
The Philippines are home to approximately sixty ethnic groups in seventy to eighty language groups. The Department of Education, Culture and Sports (decs) is the largest governmental department. 1995 provides citizens with basic health care at no cost through subsidies. Classrooms in both public and private schools have a picture of the Virgin Mary and the president at the front of the room. Approximately two million residents are designated as cultural minority groups protected by the government. Women work as teachers, clerks, owners of sari-sari stores, marketers of produce and health care providers. Approximately twelve million elementary school pupils and five million secondary students attended school in 19Education is compulsory until age twelve. The estimated population in July 2000 was eighty-one million. Filipino families enjoy close kin bonds, and extended families living together are the norm. In other words, having tertiary education puts people one step ahead of others who do not and this can be the deciding factor in getting a good job. In the cities, traditional roles common to industrialized countries are followed. The country has a republican form of government that was developed during the commonwealth period.
The dry season is from January to June; the wet season with monsoon rains is from July to December. Nongovernmental organizations preserve the folk heritage of the indigenous groups. Mothers and daughters who share a home make decisions concerning the home without conferring with male family members. Filipino forces continued to wage guerrilla warfare. When the leader of the opposition, Benigno Aquino, was murdered after his return from exile in the United States, his wife, Corazon Aquino, entered the presidential race in 1986. Mount Mayon in southern Luzon erupted in 2000. Marcos claimed victory but was accused of fraud.